Xsam-Information centre

Studies on Vibration Training

"Variation in Neuromuscular Responses falling on Acute Whole-Body

Vibration Exercise" American College of Sports Medicine


"Vibration Exposure and Biodynamic Responses falling on Whole-Body Vibration Training" American College of Sports MedicineVibration_Exposure

Tip: "Through vibration" Focus 15/2006Durch_schütteln_focus

"Rockers with effect" comparison of the active principleswippen_mit_wirkung

"Vibration strength training and joint stability" G. Berschin, H.-M. SummerVibrationstraining_gelenkstabilitaet

"Berlin BedRest study" vibration muscle training under simulated weightlessness.

"On the importance of body posture during training on vibration platforms" G. Berschin, H. Fischer, H.-M. SummerVibrationstraining_vergleich_vibrationsplatten

"Effect of Vibrostimulation on Athletes 'Performance' A. Nemchenko et al.Vibrationstraining_athletic_performance

"[...] Bone Mechanical Properties and Adaptive Response to Mechanical Challenge "Yebin Jiang et al.Vibrationstraining_bone_biomechanics

"Effect of four-month vertical whole body vibration on performance and balance" Saila Torvinen et al.Vibrationstraining_four-month_whole_body_vibration

"Mechanical stimulation in the form of Vibration Prevents [...] Bone Loss in [...] Rats
 "J. Flyer et al.Vibrationstraining_prevents_bone_loss_in_rats

"Controlled whole body vibration to decrease event risk [...]"
Olivier Bruyere et al.Vibrationstraining_body_vibration_decrease_fall_risk

Effects on muscle mass, muscle strength and muscle power


The reflex provoked muscle contractions produce an increase in muscle strength and power, depending on the variation of the training conditions. Due to the cyclical and rapidly occurring stimulation, the inter-and intra-muscular coordination improve, measurable as power and performance gain.


If a lead vest is worn as an additional mass (10-40 kg) during training, there is an extended stimulation of muscle growth. The muscle responds to the increase in requirement with supercompensation. The additional load causes hypertrophy of the muscles. Twice a week workouts, 2-3 minutes each, already show measurable results.


Effects on postural control and training of the spine


When training with the XSAM, the body strains automatically to maintain the head in the horizontal position and the body calm and upright. All muscles that keep our body in this position must respond to the oscillating movement caused by the device. The postural system learns to find the balance under the influence of this "disorder" and to hold. The force application of the devices are a high-frequency, more effective training stimulus of postural control.


Most exercises will be conducted in an upright position. This way, this postural control (balance) is trained. The main function of the spinal muscles will be clear during training. The vibrations are transmitted over the muscle groups of the legs across the pelvis to the entire spine and the whole body. The paravertebral muscles contract and swing to the rhythm of the devices impulses, just like during walking and running. In addition, the target motor may be incorporated in the exercise. Examples are squats and hip rotations. In each stage of the movement, the postural system must adapt to the new position. At a frequency of 25 cycles per second result 1500 cycles per minute. This large number of repetitions causes the exceptionally high training effect on the neural system.


Optimization of motor learning


Motor learning is dependent on a high number of repetitions, it is continuously optimized in constant repetitions, the way athletes and musicians experience every day. The training systems offered by us produce great results in a short training time with their high number of repetitions. 30 Hz oscillations mean 1800 repetitions per minute.


Our central nervous system needs several thousand repetitions to save exercise programs. Only from 30 000 repetitions do motor engrams form as a micro-anatomical correlation of learned optimal or automated movements.


No strain felt through sub cortical effect


The high speed of vibration activates and trains the fast parts of the neuromuscular system. The muscle contractions provoked by the exercise equipment run on one hand without neural activity in the muscle itself, on the other hand, reflexively at the spinal cord level. The sub cortical processes during training result in reduced voluntary strains in subjective experience. The training is usually perceived as less strenuous than other muscle activities of comparable frequency, this results in a high therapy compliance.


The extensor muscle is stretched quickly due to the induced diffraction and reacts with a reflex contraction, always accompanied by the inverse reaction of the antagonistic muscles, here the flexor. The interaction between agonists and antagonists is practised with high frequency and is thus available for important rapid movements (sports, catching a fall). The second movement with previous elastic expansion brings the much higher kinetic energy (compare elastic rod, trampoline, Kangaroo, pogo stick). The muscle relaxing effect is exploited in order to enhance the effect of stretching exercises (e.g. trunk rotation, trunk flexion, trunk side inclination). The corresponding stretching exercises are applied at the frequency triggering the resonance in the desired regions of the body.


The "slow" (5-20 Hz) frequencies, steered by the body posture and muscle tensioning in the paravertebral desired body sections, loosen the often tense back muscles, reduce pain and make the spine mobile again. It is not difficult to endure the training, you will be "carried along" by the system.